# 第001课 课程介绍 抓住声音
He is a student.
He is a student.表明身份
He was a student.好可惜他怎么就失学了呢，表达一种惋惜
He is going to be a student.他要成为一名学生了，表达一种期望
He has been a student.他已经成为一名学习，应该有教养 训练有素
He is going to be president.
/hi ɪz'gənə bi/ a doctor.
~~~ a driver.
~~~ a teacher.
~~~ very hard-working.
gonna be 文字改变去适应声音
# 第002课 一般将来时 is gonna
The boy is going to arrive on time.轻重缓急
He is going to be a teacher.
He is going to be here tomorrow.
It's really gonna be a party.
He is gonna be a tremendous help.
China is gonna change the world.
Your work is gonna fill a large part of your life.
- 主语 + be going to + be + 名词
- 主语 + be going to + 动词短语
# 第003课 一般将来时 not gonna
We're gonna have a lot of fun.
You're gonna screw up the business.
I'm gonna write you a letter soon.
You brother and I are gonna miss you at Christmas.
You know she is gonna give it up.
You're not(0) gonna play music really loud.
- You're not gonna.... 当做一个整体 -> 你不会....
# 第004课 一般将来时 Ishe gonna
and that's gonna ba a key support for me
You're gonna be a mighty nation.
- Youaregonna... 你将要
- Heisgonna... 他将要
- Sheisgonna... 她将要
- I'mgonna... 我将要
- Theyaregonna... 他们将要
按照 陈述句 否定句 疑问句，今天来研究一般将来时的疑问句
Ishegonna play basket-ball?
~~~ make you feel happy?
~~~ move to his new house?
Is she gonna come out with the book this year?
Is he gonna get married soon?
Is he gonna leave his present job?
Is she gonna pee on me?
另外结尾的声调来提问，极大弱化开头 is 会特别听起来不清楚
# 第005课 一般将来时 Whereishe gonna
- 一般疑问句 - 可以用 是或否 回答 (知道答案，但不确定)
- 特殊疑问句 - 必须用具体信息回答 (不知道答案，想知道是什么)
Is she gonna go to Marco?
Where is he gonna go?
Where is she gonna go?
Where is it gonna go?
Where are you gonna go?
Where is she gonna go? She is gonna live in Suzhou.Wh-movement
Where is he/she gonna...要练得特别熟
How is he/she gonna...要练得特别熟
When is he/she gonna...要练得特别熟
What is he/she gonna...要练得特别熟
# 第006课 一般将来时 will and gonna
英语时态其实只有 现在 和 过去
- I take a bath.
- I am taking a bath.
- I took a bath.
- I am going to take a bath.
- I will take a bath. wil词性其实是情态动词
- It will rain.
- It may rain later.
- It might rain later.
- It must rain.
- I am going to take care of the puppy. 和object-puppy距离更近
- I will take care of the puppy. 距离略微远点
因果关系强烈 可用 be going to
- Look at the spelling mistakes in the resume, you are not gonna make a good impression.
- Look at the time, I'am gonna miss the train. 其他 即将发生 情绪强烈
- Wow, it's dilicisous. He's going to enjoy the meal.
- Help! I'm going to fall.
There will be much rainfall next year.
If the crop fails, people will starve.
You will feel better when you get some rest.
- be going to 当前关联性较大，will相反
- be going to 表示即将道理啊，will不然
# 第007课 一般现在时 Sheisa
I am a big fan of hers.
I finish my homework before 5 o'clock.
No one gives a damn to this idea.
She seems to make money go a long way.感官动词
先 linking verb 说起
connect the subject and its attributes they do not show any action simply link the subject with the rest
I am really nervous at the meeting.
Learn maths is important for logic capability.
Sometimes, kids are foolish.
Martin is fond of spicy fool.
- 主语 + am/is/are + 主语的特征，体现在语音上时系动词弱读
# 第008课 一般现在时 Is it a
Is he a policeman? Yes, he is.
Is she your new teacher? Yes, she is.
Is it a good day today? No, it isn't.
Are you a beer drinker?
# 第009课 一般现在时 Whatis
What is your name?
What is your father's job?
What are you doing?
What are your special interests?
What is he?
What is her position in the company?
Where is his brother?
Why is her son so upset?
What is he like?
Where is he?
What are her pains?名词 pains 之前可以加哪些呢，猜一猜
What are her injuries?
What is his flaw?
like 介词 介绍两者之间的关系
- It's like an apple.
- We are like a family.
- The lake is like a mirror.
Whatis your favorite food?
Whatis his main concern?
Whatis that in his hand?
What are her reasons for the job?
What are his problems at shool?
疑问词 + 助动词 + 其他?
- Whatis his ... h不发音
- Whatis her ... h不发音
- Whatis your ... you弱读/jr/
- What are her ...
- Waht are his ...
# 第010课 一般现在时 linking verb
simple present tense
- habitual actions ro occurrence
- something always true
- regular things
- things at the moment
He is very rich.
Their father is old now.
Jobs and professions
Both of my brothers are policeman.
He's a firefighter.
How old is she? She is 5 years old.
He is my first cousin.
They are my best friends.
Are you her sister?
Her house is on the edge of the lake.
The shops are at the end of the street.
What time is it?
He looks very rich.
Their father appears old now.
The weather feels terrible.
# 第011课 一般现在时 third-person
Simple Present Tense
Knowledge is power.
Great minds think alike.
The earth moves around the sun.
The sun rises in the east.
fist-person I we 朕 second-person you third-person 不是对话的双方，数量上就一个
- she he it
- the dog
- the boy
- takes 当作一个独立的词
- unexpectedly 当作一个独立的词
# 第012课 一般现在时 wizard
- 一去二三里 烟村四五家
As in a fever, tye boy runs back.
It usually takes me four to five years.
# 第013课 一般现在时 goodatit
- Are you OK ?
- Are you sure ?
- Are you Jack's sister ?
- Are you good at it ?
Who is goodatit?
Is he goodatit?
Is he gonna goodatit?
Nobody's gonna goodatit?
What are you good at?
Doyou 弱读 一般疑问句 语法学习词汇化
/dəjə/ like it?
/dəjə/ go to school?
/dəjə/ know me?
/dəjə/ enjoy the meal?
/dəjə/ have to take the chance?
Do you wanna go to starbucks?
Which one do you like best?
When do you start your new job?
- areyou 你(是)...？
- ishe 他(是)...？
- isshe 她(是)...？
- arethey 他们(是)...？
- goodatit 哎？声音明明是连起来的，怎么单词却是分开的
# 第014课 一般现在时 sortof
Do you have anything to say for yourself?
Do you have any favorite?
Do they love cartoon movies?
Does John always go to school late?
口头语 sort of
Does he sort of try to get even?
I have a sort of feeling that he will not come.
- do does 弱 能弱几乎没有
- 意群 分而治之
# 第015课 一般现在时 Anddoesshe
Doeshe have a temperature?
Doeshe have any family?
Doeshe often give seats to others in the bus?
Doeshe often do his homework at night?
Anddoeshe have any brothers and sisters?
Anddoesshe speak French?那么她说法语吗?
Anddoesshe have enough time to do it?那么她
Hedoesn't like to talk about his private life.
- Anddoesshe 重音在she
- Hedoesn't 重音在does'nt
# 第016课 一般现在时 healthcareissue
Doesshehave to do something on the health care issue?
Whatdoeshe ususally do at weekend with his brother?
Whatdoesit mean to be a super attactor?
Where does he come from?
# 第017课 一般现在时 Whatdoeshe
What does he usually do after school?
Waht does he know about the football?
# 第018课 一般现在时 can /kn/
I can write a letter.
He can know how to talk to a stranger.
She must share her apples with others.
They may learn to understand more.
- can means somethings is possible for sb/sth to do sth 有可能发生
- somebody knows how to do sth 知道如何做
- can can be used to show that sb is allowed to do sth or has the ability do do sth. 被允许、有能力
I can do it.
She can cook again.
You can hike, you can dance, you can work, you can sleep, you can love.
You can get me on 010-5555555.
Some people can only work well under pressure.
I can only speak to my own experience.
- must 小朋友说的
- may 领导说的
- had better
# 第019课 一般现在时 Canhe
Can you accept the idea?
Can you speak English?
Can you put your books all together in this box?
Can you tell us where the gaps are?
Can you or can you not do this?
Can I get my money back?
Can he be serious?
Can he getupat 6 o'clock tomorrow?
Can I take a look at the picture?
Can I pay you a visit this afternoon?
- Canyou 你能...?
- Canhe 他能...?
- Canshe 她能...?
- Canwe 我们能...?
- Canthey 他们能...?
# 第020课 一般现在时 cannot
I can not wait to support you.
Fish can not live without water.
I can not give an exact figure.
She can not make any choice.
My father can not shake off his cold.
Tom can not lift the heavy box.
You can not agree with the reason.
Now, she can not afford to help me.
- Hecannot 他不能能...
- Shecannot 她不能能...
- Wecannot 我们不能能...
- Theycannot 他们不能能...
- Youcannot 你不能能...
否定句 要突出 not
# 第021课 一般现在时 can't
She can't pay the money now.
I can't stand people like him.
She can't make her mind to accept it.
No one can touch hi at school.
I can't keep up with all the changes.
I can't believe what you said just now.
- can't 戛然而止
- can 平铺直叙
# 第022课 一般现在时 ableto
but, I'm able to work with other people.
so I am able to break the rules.
able to: to have the skill, intelligence, opportunity to do sth.
I am able to work under great pressure.
I am able to establish a good relationship with others.
I am able to operate the computer well.
If you tell me more, I am able to write more.
Everyone is able to live their full self.
able to 平铺直叙
# 第023课 一般现在时 Aretheyableto
Am I able to fly it?
Am I able to turn my intentions into actions?
Is he able to connect with others?
Is he able to concentrate on his work?
Are they able to cut with scissors?
What isheableto talk with you?
What issheableto paint on the paper?
What isitableto show you now?
How areyouableto arrive here?
When aretheyableto climb the hill?
How is he able find his way?
How are you able to find humor in your situation?
每个时态中的 每个人称之下的 每个句型 都具有其独立结构
# 第024课 一般将来时 will
He can go to the gym.
He must go to the gym.
He will go to the gym.
will 发音弹出来 l用力
He will understand a lot soon.
She wil walk to school at 8.
She will be very happy when she sees you.
It will be very expensive when you don't buy it.
The man will cut the grass this afternoon.
# 第025课 一般将来时 will
They will lend us some money.
She will learn to play tye violin.
The waiter will open the door for you.
The teacher will teach you English next term.
They will play basketball after school tomorrow afternoon.
She will be 15 years old next year.
They will leave for Japan tomorrow.
The bus will come here in half an hour.
# 第026课 一般将来时 will vs gonna
The man is going to have a try of the car.
She will learn English next term.
当做新的词汇来学习 短促 当作一个音节
I'm sure she'll learn from her mistakes.
She'll listen to music by herself in the room.
Shel'll be able to take care of the children.
We'll be friends for ever.
- be going to (某人)正要去...
- 据当前情况推测 - 时间较近
- will 预计...(某动作)
# 第027课 一般将来时 willnot
Iwillnot describe them.
Shewillnot stay in the job.
Shewillnot watch a hockey game with me.
Wewillnot make it.
Youwillnot ... 你将不会... Youwon't
Hewillnot ... 他将不会... Hewon't
Shewilnot ... 她将不会... Shewon't
Iwillnot ... 我将不会... Iwon't
Theywillnot ... 他们将不会... Theywon't
She won't be able to do that.
You won't be the only one.
# 第028课 一般将来时 Whatwillyou
Will he give you an offer?
Will you represent it?
Will I need to learn more about driving?
Will you take your books off the shelf?
Will you be able to come?
Will he get up early tomorrow?
Will they allow you to sit on the chair?
一般疑问句 -> 特殊疑问句
Will he finish his job in five days?
What will he do in five days?
When will he finish his job?
Why will you choose this major?
Where will she get the money?
When will she be free?
What will they think of each other?
What will my first question be?
# 第029课 介词 preposition
on the desk
under the table 表示方位
across the space/street/grassland
because of the weather 表示抽象关系
There's a chair [behind | near | beside | in front of] the door.
I can see a bird in the sky.
Jack lives in London.
The plates are on the table.
The girls are in the school.
The boys are sitting in the car.
We stopped at London on the way to NY.at 相对而言小站
arrive at a point
Harold and I arrive in New York.
I would arrive at work.
We're gonna arrive in our business.
at the cinema
at the party
at the door
at school 抽象短语 在上学
at hospital 抽象短语 在就医
at night 一眨眼
at church 做礼拜
A preposition is a word or group of words used before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, time, place, location, spatial relationships, or to introduce an object.
# 第030课 介词 of short of
Stress is a major problem of modern life.
We have a team of volunteers.
The car of the future is coming.
Let's get back to the question of funding.
So far the most reliable car of the day.
and the man of short stories.
problem of 介词短语
team of 现在分词
car of 名词 过去分词
question of 定语从句
He is short of cash after his unemployment.
We have had to raise our prices because of rising costs.
Two players are out of the team becuase of injury.
She takes care of his aged grandmother.
- of: o与前面连读，后面辅音时，v吞音；后面元音时，v与此元音连读
# 第031课 介词 on over above
The government is running short of hard currency.
I'd never let you go short of anything.
She is not short of excuses where things go wrong.
They had run short of fuel.
We've run short of milk.
We should just come out of it.
You come out of it.
on "在 ... 之上（有接触面）"
The cat sleeps on the sofa.
There's a mark on your skirt.
There are some oranges on the floor.
Puting it on the desk.
I was on, I was on the desk.
over "在 ... 之上（有或没有接触面）"
The clouds move over the city.
The sheep jump over the fence.
He push me over the desk.
She lives in the house above the valley.
above "在 ... 上空 (无接触面)" o 弱读
The plane is flying above the clouds.
This house is 200m above sea level.
He lifted his hands above his head.
The mirror is above the sink.
# 第032课 介词 under below beneath
under 在 ...（正）下方 多看英文注释
To talk about something that is lower than something else, and that the other thing is directly above it.
The cat is under the table.记住声音、体会声音
The shoes are under the bed.
It's hot, so they stand under tree.
All the experts are under one roof
They have it under their belt.
Looked at it under the microscope.
She's gonna have it under her front leg.
We're all under this tent.
We can use "below" when there is not contact between people or things, or you can "below" when you're talking about something that's not physically or necessarily immediately under.
Kaifeng is just below the surface of the water.
There is a bar below my apartment.
The fish is below the surface of the water.
Have you heard voices in the yard below your window?
We normally use "below" for things of a similar grouping.
Please do not write below this line.
I put the new family photo below the old one.
In the comments below this video.
beneath 在...下面 强调一种包裹感
covered by something directly under something or at a lower level under the surface of the ground or water
The treasure was buried beneath the sea.
There's still something beneath the ground.
# 第033课 介词 along across
above 位置 along 运动趋势
under away from
They walk along the beach.
The trees along the road are very old.
the glass on the table
the picture on the wall
the fish in the water
the man in blue
the boy under the tree
Along often refers to movement in a linear direction.
This prepostion is used to describe someone or something that is moving in one direction.
She likes to walk along that road.
There are no lights along the highway.
I take a walk along the bank every morning.
People could walk along the streets.
He said he'd slowly drive along one street.
相互组合 也就那几种场景 run、go、walk、drive.... street、road、beach、bank....
across 在 ... 另一侧 二维表面
on the opposite side of something
Across is used to show movement from one side of a surface to another. With this prepostion, it is important to note that you do not need to be in contact with a surface to be able to move across it.
They walk across the bridge.
We fly across the ocean.
A man may choose to walk across a bridge or not to walk across it.
You can walk across a street without getting hit by a car.
# 第034课 介词 through
through thr连在一块从喉咙发出 从...一边到另一边(内部)
Through is used to describe moving into the middle of something three-dimensional and then out the other side of it.
They walk through the forest.
I looked outside through the window.
It run through the women.
Don't be afraid to walk through your door.
through 通过 从头到尾
To past a barrier, stage or test.
From the beginning to the end of an activity or a period of time.
He kept quiet through breakfast.
When you get through it all...
And we go through the same pattern all over again
# 第035课 介词 around
Around the corner here, is the technical station.
It's just around the corner.round重读，a就可以和t连读
Halloween is obviously around the corner.obviously b不发音
I'm gonna walk around the garden.
We use 'around' when someone or something reached the other side of an obstacle, or is located there.
It can also mean moving in a circle, specifically moving along the outer edge of something until you have returned to your starting point.
run around the tree绕着树跑
run around a ...
walk around a ...
I run around the lake every day.
The fruit are small and round.
She won the first round of the game.
The earth goes round and round the sun.
around == round(preposition) in British English
# 第036课 介词 in on at
I get up early in the morning.General
He swims on Sunday.
I'll see you at 8 p.m.Specific
We use 'in' when referring to an unspecific time of the day, a month, a season or a year.
The word 'on', when talking about time, is for specific dates and days.
'At' is used for a more specific time.
at noon中午 12点
at the weekend习惯 一周是一段时间，周末是一端 at the end of
Before I went to sleep at night...
It helps you sleep at night.
are on a
get on a
run on a
is at a
sit at a
work at an
is in a
# 第037课 介词 with
Chris has been with Jane since that party last year.
How long have you been with your boyfriend?Howlonghaveyoubeen 语义段
Are you with Sammy? I'm trying to find him.
I am with you, my dear friend.
She is with him on this project, I think.
To use something
I can't believe you eat peanut butter with chop sticks.
Please write the letter with this pen.
I'm looking for a new house with a pool.
He quit because he needs a job with a better salary.
with i 弱读成 e
China is a country with a long history.
She is a doctor with a sense of vocation.
But you could take no money with you.
# 第038课 介词 like
He looks like his sister.
It tastes like chicken.
He dresses like a clown.
He seems like a nice man.
Mike is not like his brother.
That looks just like my car.
It seems like it is going to rain.
A landscape looks like a paiting.
And it looks like a completely different world.
It looks like a beautiful butterfly.小段Itlookslikea...
That looks like a short cut.
He's gonna tell it like it is.原原本本的说出